Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music

By Mark Katz

There is extra to sound recording than simply recording sound. faraway from being easily a device for the maintenance of tune, the expertise is a catalyst. during this award-winning textual content, Mark Katz offers a wide-ranging, deeply informative, regularly enjoyable historical past of recording's profound influence at the musical lifetime of the earlier century, from Edison to the net. totally revised and up to date, this re-creation provides assurance of mashups and Auto-Tune, explores fresh advancements in file-sharing, and contains an multiplied end and bibliography.

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27 Such examples should be elevated nearly indefinitely. Jimmy Maxwell spent 4 to 5 hours an afternoon in the course of his highschool summers hearing Armstrong and Ellington discs till he may perhaps play besides them. Bud Freeman studied Bix Beiderbecke’s files, whereas Beiderbecke himself ceaselessly performed Nick LaRocca’s. The saxophonist Charlie Parker discovered from Lester Young’s discs; younger, in flip, was once a devotee of Frankie Trumbauer’s recordings. The trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, and possibly numerous others, memorized John Coltrane’s recognized saxophone solo on “Giant Steps. ” On it is going: those strange student-teacher relationships and lineages, during which the events might by no means meet, proceed to shape. straight away, budding jazz musicians are not any doubt hearing or taking part in in addition to their favourite recordings for the hundredth time. 28 The learn of jazz recordings can also be extra formalized than this person strategy. The composer and jazz instructor David Baker, for one instance between many, has lengthy required his scholars at Indiana collage to transcribe and practice recorded jazz solos. 29 In 1967, Jamey Aebersold published the 1st of his regularly occurring “Play-A-Long” recordings to assist jazz scholars examine at domestic. some of the multiple hundred recordings characteristic a rhythm part taking part in repetitions of assorted chord progressions, whereas others recreate well-known recordings with the solo lacking; because the identify of the sequence indicates, the house performer is to play alongside. 30 In jazz, the research of recordings is taken into account crucial. even more than classical song, jazz is taken into account “ear music,” during which studying from listening is privileged over the examine of the broadcast observe. Classically proficient pianists and violinists have their Czerny and Kreutzer reviews; tenor avid gamers have Hawkins (“Body and Soul”) and Coltrane (“Giant Steps”). All will be shooting JAZZ 87 treated as etudes, practiced day-by-day to sharpen one’s talents; the adaptation is within the medium during which they're preserved. to make certain, today’s jazz performers have entry to various released transcriptions of famous recordings. but in jazz such transcriptions are usually handled with a few suspicion. Paul Berliner indicates why: even though skilled improvisers regard the printed fabrics as necessary studying aids, they warning young ones approximately turning into too established upon them. with no evaluating transcriptions to the unique recordings, scholars can't verify the accuracy of the transcription paintings or its replica. in addition, despite the fact that helpful they are for complete musicians who can interpret them, all transcriptions are reductive or skeletal representations of performances and supply inexperienced persons with little information regarding basic stylistic positive factors of jazz. ultimately, if scholars depend upon courses instead of recordings as resources, they deprive themselves of the rigorous ear-training that routinely has been critical to the improviser’s improvement. 31 In jazz, the values of the classical global are inverted: the functionality is the first textual content, whereas the rating is simply an interpretation.

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