From an Existential Vacuum to a sad Optimism: the hunt for which means and the Presence of God in smooth Literature employs a brand new theoretical method of severe research: Victor Frankl's logotherapy (from the Greek "logos" for notice or cause and infrequently relating to divine wisdom), a distinct type of existentialism. at the foundation of his observations of the ability of human persistence and transcendence - the invention of which means even in the course of harrowing situations - Frankl diagnoses the malaise of the present age as an "existential vacuum," a feeling of meaninglessness. He means that a panacea for this malaise should be present in creativity, love, and ethical selection - even if confronted with agony or loss of life. He affirms that people could go beyond this vacuum, detect which means - or maybe final desiring to be present in final Being, or God - and dwell with a feeling of "tragic optimism." This e-book observes either the present age's "existential vacuum" - a malaise of vacancy and meaninglessness - and its eager for that means and God as mirrored in 3 genres: poetry, novel, and myth. half I, "Reflections of God within the Poetic Vision," addresses "tragic optimism" - wish while there looks no explanation for wish - in poems through William Butler Yeats, T. S. Eliot, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Gerard Manley Hopkins. half II, "American Angst: vacancy and danger in John Steinbeck's significant Novels," offers a research of Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, and The wintry weather of Our Discontent - novels that jointly shape a uniquely American epic trilogy. jointly those novels inform the tale of a nation's avarice, corruption, and betrayal offset via magnanimity, heroism, and hospitality. Set opposed to the backdrop of Frankl's methods of discovering that means and achievement - all obliquely implying the felt presence of God - the characters are consultant each americans, in whose lives are mirrored a nation's worst vices and top hopes. half III, "A Tragic Optimism: The Triumph of excellent within the fable Worlds of Tolkien, Lewis, and Rowling," defines fable and technological know-how fiction as mirrors with which to view truth. J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the earrings, C. S. Lewis' That Hideous energy, and J. ok. Rowling's Harry Potter sequence are thought of within the gentle of Frankl's logotherapy - delivering paths to which means and the final word intending to be present in God. In a postmodern, fragmented age, those works verify a continual imaginative and prescient of God (often via His felt absence) and, additionally, a so much human longing for that means even if there appears to be like none - supplying, as Frankl keeps, "a tragic optimism."
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Extra info for From an Existential Vacuum to a Tragic Optimism: The Search for Meaning and Presence of God in Modern Literature
Her function is corresponding to that of a reconnaissance agent, and whilst she desires of Mark’s being taken sooner than the Saracen’s disembodied head, the crowd discovers the genuine function of N. I. C. E. : “‘What we're up against,’ stated Dimble, ‘is a criminal’s mind swollen to super-human proportions and experiencing a method of recognition which . . . is most likely a attention of ache and hatred’” (193). Ransom foresees the outcome of the enemy’s holding one of these monstrosity alive: their skill to make themselves immortal, their production of a brand new species—“Chosen Heads who by no means die”—and their enslavement of the remainder of humanity. Dimble labels such evil strength as “the emergence of the Bodiless males” (194). Ransom sees that Jane’s previous dream of Merlin, alive yet lengthy buried and probably awakening, finds the enemy’s function in buying the wooden at Edgestow: to affix the recent strength of Belbury with the previous strength of the wizard Merlin lower than Bragdon wooden. If this merger involves fruition, Ransom tells the crowd, “Logres—indeed Man—will be nearly surrounded. For us every thing activates fighting that junction” (197). whilst Jane desires of the positioning of Merlin’s tomb and of his awakening, Ransom tells them, “We’re going into motion. . . . The conflict has begun” (223). And Jane is to guide Dimble and Denniston to the start battlefront, guiding the 2 males to the tomb printed in her dream, supporting them hint Merlin’s tracks, and helping them in bringing him again to St. Anne’s, in the event that they can. “Heavily secure” via Maleldil, the small 138 bankruptcy 8 workforce doesn't move by myself; as Jane is their advisor, so God is their safeguard (225). all of them comprehend that they're touring into the unknown, and in all probability to their dying. Remembering that once coming from underground, she had visible “Merlin . . . sitting via a hearth in a bit wooden” (229), Jane takes them to where, yet they locate no hint of the wizard until eventually a horse with a guy on his again runs previous them and vanishes into the gap. annoyed, they go back to St. Anne’s the place they locate Ransom and Merlin upstairs status facet through part, robed resplendently—the one in blue, the opposite in purple. whilst McPhee and Dimble query his seeming alliance with evil, Ransom replies, “Does no longer certainly one of you belief me? ” the single reaction comes from Jane: “I do, Sir” (277). Having proved her bravery, she now exhibits her belief in that that is godly and sturdy. Jane has made her offerings well—remaining devoted below torture, becoming a member of with St. Anne’s small military, assuming a job of management, risking her lifestyles, and right here taking a stand whereas others carry again. yet Jane’s trouble over her marriage continues to be, niggling in the back of her brain. Jane tells Ivy Maggs, “People flow apart—take up various evaluations— subscribe to assorted facets. ” additional, she unearths “the considered going again to Mark . . . flat and insipid. ” whereas she has forgiven him for “preferring her individual to her dialog and infrequently his personal techniques to both,” she is repelled through the chance of assembly him back, feeling to blame simply because she isn't really a lot involved for his overall healthiness.