By Bernadette Wegenstein
The physique as an item of serious examine dominates disciplines around the humanities to such an quantity new self-discipline has emerged: physique feedback. In Getting less than the Skin, Bernadette Wegenstein lines modern physique discourse in philosophy and cultural reviews to its roots in twentieth-century inspiration -- displaying how psychoanalysis, phenomenology, cognitive technology, and feminist idea contributed to a brand new physique idea -- and reviews the millennial physique in functionality paintings, pop culture, new media arts, and architecture.
Wegenstein indicates how the concept that of physically fragmentation has been in movement because the 16th century's research of anatomy. The historical past of the body-in-pieces, she argues, is a heritage of a suffering dating among options of the physique -- as fragmented and as holistic. Wegenstein exhibits that through the 20 th century those it sounds as if contradictory activities have been built-in; either fragmentation and holism, she argues, are essential modes of imagining and configuring the physique. The background of the physique, for this reason, is a background of mediation; however it used to be no longer until eventually the flip of the twenty-first century and the electronic revolution that the physique used to be most sensible capable of express its mediality.
After analyzing key techniques in physique feedback, Wegenstein appears on the physique as "raw fabric" in twentieth-century functionality artwork, scientific innovations for visualizing the human physique, and techniques in pop culture for "getting less than the surface" with photographs of freely floating physique components. Her research of present tendencies in structure and new media artwork demonstrates the deep connection of physique feedback to media feedback. during this method of physique feedback, the physique now not stands in for whatever else -- the medium has develop into the body.
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Extra resources for Getting Under the Skin: Body and Media Theory (MIT Press)
Sixty one. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, Philosophy within the Flesh: The Embodied brain and Its problem to Western concept (New York: uncomplicated Books, 1999), four. sixty two. Herbert Dryfus, What pcs Can’t Do: the boundaries of Artiﬁcial Intelligence (New York: Harper, 1979), 236. sixty three. Donna Haraway, “A Cyborg Manifesto: technological know-how, know-how, and SocialistFeminism within the past due 20th Century,” in Simians, Cyborgs and girls: The Reinvention of Nature (New York: Routledge, 1991), a hundred and fifty. sixty four. Haraway, Modest_Witness@Second_Millenium. FemaleMan©_Meets_Oncomouse™ : Feminism and Technoscience (New York: Routledge, 1997), 12. For quite a few ways to the cyborg see The Cyborg instruction manual (1995), ed. Chris Hables grey, the place one ﬁnds ancient deﬁnitions of present interpretations of the cyborg from its origins in area to its use within the army, in addition to its family tree from drugs to leisure. sixty five. Robert Pepperell, The Posthuman : realization past the mind (Bristol, united kingdom: mind Books), 1. sixty six. apparently sufficient, Björk has lately produced a remediated album, Medulla (2004), during which she makes use of in basic terms human voices as tools, which sound every now and then as though they weren't simply electronically more desirable yet quite electronically produced. This liberal trade among efficient domain names, the human (what Björk calls “blood and earth”) and the technological (which is remediated during this musical performance), merges right here into what might be known as a posthuman sound quarter. Notes 169 67. Frank Hoffman, “Lee Bul: cyborgs and karaoke: a touring exhibition now on the New Museum in manhattan highlights the hot karaoke-based paintings of a Korean artist recognized for her high-tech feminism and ‘global’ fusions of culture,” in artwork in the USA, might 2002. sixty eight. Hayles, How We turned Posthuman, 290–291. sixty nine. For an outline of techniques to the feminine physique inside fresh feminist concept, see the reader Feminist concept and the physique, ed. Janet rate and Margaret Shildrick (London: Routledge, 1999). a few of these ways can be mentioned under. 70. Elizabeth Grosz, structure from the surface: Essays on digital and actual areas (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2001), 28. seventy one. Grosz, “Psychoanalysis and the Imaginary Body,” in Feminist matters, Multimedia: Cultural Methodologies, ed. Penny Florence and Dee Reynolds (Manchester: Manchester college Press, 1995), 183. seventy two. Ibid. , 184, 193. seventy three. Grosz, “Introduction: Reﬁguring Bodies,” unstable our bodies: towards a Corporeal Feminism (Bloomington: Indiana college Press, 1994), five. seventy four. Ann J. Cahill, Rethinking Rape (Ithaca: Cornell college Press, 2001), fifty two. seventy five. Grosz, risky our bodies, five. seventy six. For a up to date contribution using this strategy, see Bernice Hausman’s Mother’s Milk: Breastfeeding Controversies in American tradition (London: Routledge, 2003). seventy seven. Duden, Disembodying girls: views on being pregnant and the Unborn (Cambridge, MA: Harvard college Press, 1993), fifty six; German unique 1991. Aristotle quote from Generations of Animals, II, IV, 739b, 21–25, trans. A.