In the Footsteps of William Wallace: In Scotland and Northern England

By Alan Young

A fantastically illustrated trip in the course of the panorama and occasions of the lifetime of the enduring Scottish knight who used to be dropped at existence within the movie Braveheart

 

For approximately seven hundred years debate has raged over the real nature of William Wallace and his function in Scotland's turbulent history—was he the Braveheart of Blind Harry's mythical account, the daring, yet savage, hero of the Scottish wars, or, as a few modern chroniclers attested, was once he not anything yet a villainous thief and vagrant fugitive? This booklet attracts on quite a lot of modern and smooth assets to seem in the back of the determine of legend to discover Wallace's actual character. It traces Wallace's journey from his modest upbringing in south-west Scotland and his first victory as a "guerilla" chief and army commander at Stirling Bridge to his painful dying seven years later, together with his "invasion" of Northumberland and Cumberland. this can be an important touring spouse for a trip via Wallace's country and to profit extra concerning the fable and the man.

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J. McNamee, ‘William Wallace’s Invasion of Northern England in 1297’, Northern historical past XXXVI (1990), 40–58, to which the next part is significantly indebted. The earliest connection with Scottish task in northern England issues the burning of Felton Mill (about 7 miles from Rothbury) on approximately thirteen October. The Guisborough chronicler refers to Scottish raids in Northumberland on 18 October however the significant incursion didn't occur until eventually Martinmas. This date most likely marks the involvement of William Wallace and a extra organised invading strength after scattered raids by way of Scots stuck up within the euphoria of the victory at Stirling Bridge. one other attainable purpose for the random attacks and the extra regulated invasion used to be the shortcoming of provisions in Scotland. The fifteenth-century Scottish chronicler, Walter Bower, refers back to the scarcity of corn in Scotland due to terrible climate. might be, too, the harvesting season in Scotland were badly disrupted via the struggling with as Moray and Wallace had amassed huge numbers of fellows keen to struggle for his or her reason. Wallace and Moray could have recognized that Edward i used to be in another country and never capable, for some time, to mount a counter-offensive to avenge Stirling Bridge. Warenne had, actually, retreated from Berwick to York. There couldn't be a greater chance for plunder and to consolidate resources for the battles forward. an overview of the invasion course is given within the Lanercost Chronicle: Newcastle, the fort. Newcastle ready to be attacked on a number of events in 1297 however it was once too powerful for Wallace’s forces. The fortress web site was once significantly laid low with the coming of the railway in 1849. the most medieval continues to be include the retain (late 12th century) and the gatehouse, Black Gate (mid-thirteenth century). Newcastle partitions. Little continues to be of the 2-mile circuit (started in 1265) that was once praised for its energy and elegance within the 16th century. Newcastle was once no longer totally enclosed by means of partitions in 1297 and doubtless this truth brought on panic on the time and ensured that the paintings was once swiftly accomplished. Alnwick fortress. The garrison right here looked as if it would provide William Wallace’s invasion strength a minimum of a few competition in 1297. probably, accordingly, the Scots devastated the city. Alnwick’s protecting fortifications have been significantly constructed lower than the Percy family members within the fourteenth century yet have been nonetheless powerful adequate in 1297 to withstand Wallace. The fort used to be no longer taken by means of Wallace’s forces. Carlisle fortress, which defied William Wallace in 1297 and Robert Bruce in 1315. Given Wallace’s army’s loss of event in siege war, castles might basically be taken via both shock or subterfuge. frequently, Wallace refrained from well-defended strongholds comparable to Newcastle or Carlisle. After those occasions the Scots entered Northumberland in power, losing the entire land, committing arson, pillage, and homicide, and advancing so far as the city of Newcastle; from which, even though, they became apart and entered the county of Carlisle. They there did as they'd performed in Northumberland, destroying every thing, then lower back into Northumberland to put waste extra thoroughly what that they had left before everything; and re-entered Scotland at the ceremonial dinner of St Cecilia, Virgin and Martyr, with out, even if, having been capable of seize any fortress both in England or Scotland.

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