This booklet within the hugely revered Cambridge background of technology sequence is dedicated to the heritage of the lifestyles and earth sciences due to the fact 1800. It presents entire and authoritative surveys of historic pondering on significant advancements in those components of technology, at the social and cultural milieus during which the data was once generated, and at the wider influence of the main theoretical and useful recommendations. The articles have been written via said specialists who supply concise money owed of the most recent historic considering coupled with publications to crucial fresh literature. as well as histories of conventional sciences, the booklet covers the emergence of more moderen disciplines equivalent to genetics, biochemistry, and geophysics. The interplay of medical innovations with their sensible purposes in components equivalent to drugs is an incredible concentration of the publication, as is its assurance of arguable components resembling technology and faith and environmentalism.
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Additional resources for The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 6, Modern Life and Earth Sciences (v. 6)
Benson Surveys in Nature box Stations seventy six Universities jonathan harwood A Map of the altering Terrain the facility of buyers the results of Institutional situation end ninety Geological Industries paul lucier Mining colleges govt Surveys inner most Surveys business technological know-how Geology and undefined sixty one sixty two sixty four sixty seven seventy three seventy eight eighty four ninety one ninety five 102 106 108 109 111 118 a hundred and twenty 123 The Pharmaceutical Industries john p. swann effect from Alkaloids and the Dyestuff effect of organic medications Political and criminal components as opposed to specialist Pharmacy struggle as a Catalyst to business improvement commercial development and the function of study Regulating the Consolidating the undefined 126 Public and Environmental future health michael worboys 1800–1890: The healthiness of cities 1890–1950: The health and wellbeing of countries 1950–2000: global future health end 141 Cambridge Histories on-line © Cambridge college Press, 2008 127 one hundred thirty 131 132 133 136 137 139 142 a hundred and fifty 157 162 19:7 P1: KAE 9780521572019pre CUUS457/Bowler February eleven, 2009 978 zero 521 57201 nine Contents ix half II. research AND EXPERIMENTATION 10 eleven 12 thirteen 14 Geology mott t. greene Stratigraphy: the fundamental task of Geology Mountains and stream Ice a long time and Secular Cooling of the Earth Age and inner constitution of the Earth monetary Geology Geology within the 20th Century 167 Paleontology ronald rainger Cuvier, Extinction, and Stratigraphy Paleontology and development Paleontology and Evolution Paleontology and sleek Darwinism Paleontology and Biogeography Museums and Paleontology 185 Zoology mario a. di gregorio The traditional procedure and traditional Theology The Philosophical Naturalists The Triumph of Typology From Darwin to Evolutionary Typology Tensions inside of Evolutionism Into the 20 th Century Botany eugene cittadino past Linnaeus: Systematics and Plant Geography Botanical Gardens The “New Botany” Linking box and Laboratory, idea and perform Evolution jonathan hodge The impression of Buffon and Linnaeus Lamarck: The Direct and oblique creation by means of Nature of All residing our bodies After Cuvier, Oken, and Lamarck Darwin: The Tree of existence and common choice After Darwin Evolutionary Biology considering the fact that Mendelism end: Controversies and Contexts Cambridge Histories on-line © Cambridge college Press, 2008 171 174 178 179 181 182 186 188 a hundred ninety 197 2 hundred 201 205 206 208 211 214 218 221 225 227 231 233 237 243 244 246 249 252 256 259 263 19:7 P1: KAE 9780521572019pre x 15 sixteen 17 18 19 CUUS457/Bowler 978 zero 521 57201 nine February eleven, 2009 Contents Anatomy, Histology, and Cytology susan c. lawrence Anatomy: people and Animals Human Anatomy Comparative Anatomy Tissues and Cells The mobilephone thought Histology Ultrastructure end Embryology nick hopwood Making Embryology Histories of improvement Embryos as Ancestors scan and outline Organizers, Gradients, and Fields Embryos, Cells, Genes, and Molecules Embryology and replica Microbiology olga amsterdamska Speciation, type, and the Infusoria Wine, lifestyles, and Politics: Pasteur’s experiences of Fermentation The Bacteriological Revolution Institutionalization of Bacteriology among Protozoology and Tropical illnesses Bacteriology among Botany, Chemistry, and Agriculture Microbiology among the Brewing and (Bio)chemistry Genetics of Microorganisms and Molecular Biology Conclusions body structure richard l.