The Crowd in the French Revolution

What sorts of humans have been within the crowds that stormed the Bastille, marched to Versailles to deliver the king and queen again to Paris, overthrew the monarchy in August 1792, or impassively witnessed the downfall of Robespierre on nine Thermidor? Who led those crowds or mobilized them to motion? What did they wish to accomplish, and the way a ways have been their goals discovered? prior historians have tended to view the innovative crowd as an abstraction--"people" or "mob" in response to the writer's prejudice--often at the same time the personification of excellent or evil. Professor Rudé's publication, released initially in 1959, makes a primary try and carry objectively to lifestyles all of the vital Parisian crowds among 1787 and 1795. utilizing police files and different modern study fabrics, the writer identifies the social teams represented in them, contrasts the crowds with their political leaders, relates their actions to underlying financial and mental tensions, and compares the Parisian crowd "patterns" to these of different renowned activities in France and Britain through the 18th and early nineteenth centuries.

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Rard, additionally maintained that the womcn divided into separate contingents taking M:pa�ale routes: 'Ies unes avaient pau� par Saint·Cloud; les autrCl avaicnl prilla rOUle de Sev�' (no. xiii, 3-10 Octob '789, er p. 15). • Hardy, viii. 506. THE MARCH TO VERSAILLES THE progressive CROWD IN motion re5ponsible for the dearth. I He ended with demands-the provision of bread for the capital and �he punishment of the . ganus du corps who had insulted the nauonal cockade. Vanous deputies gave reassuring replies. there have been indignant shouts of 'A bas los angeles calotte! ' on the clergy; yet Robespierre used to be heard in respectful silence, and there have been demands 'notre petite �ere. Mirabeau'. z A deputation of six girls have been elected to walt at the king-the Marquis de Paroy thought of of them 'assez bien'J-and the assembly broke up in additional or much less orderly style. in the meantime, in Paris, the nationwide safeguard, summoned by way of �e tocsin, had crowded into where de Greve. there have been cnes of 'To Versailles! ' The intentions of Lafayette during this episode are imprecise. it sounds as if he hesitated for lots of hours to place him­ self on the head of what was once simply too truly an armed insurrec­ tion; he temporized and, in response to Fournier, made lengthy speeches; yet in spite of everything, according to well known clamour, he gave the order to march. � The forces that entered Versailles that evening, among ten and nighttime, consisted of 3 com­ panies of grenadiers, one corporation of fuseliers, with 3 can­ non, 20,000 nationwide Guards of e Paris Distri�t. s, and a �otley � band of seven hundred to 800 males armed With muskets, sucks, and pikes. Early subsequent morning there has been a conflict among the Parisians and the garties du corps guarding the palace. a few demon­ strators had controlled to go into the chtitlau and penetrated so far as the antechamber to the queen's residences. during this incident, a garde du corps, from a window, shot lifeless Jer6me Lheritier, a 17-year-old volunteer and journeyman cabinet-maker of the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, who used to be within the courtyard under. s Provoked to anger, the group slaughtered of the gardts du corps and bring to an end their heads. 6 Order was once restored by way of the Parisian nationwide defend, whereas nice crowds I Bib. Nat. L" 39 113+4; Mathiez, op. cit. lxix. 411-43' • Prrtddun critni.. nu . . . , witness no. eighty one; Taine, op. cit. i. , Rnrw dt 1,. RJv«�litm, i (1B83), 1-7. • Mimoim fol. 1101). urn/s ,, I. Sec d, Foltmilr, A""",iI 13t. alJo Barnavc (AN;h. Nat. , W unwell, o B. PrMu! de I'H6tei du Roi, Greffe, 178g· Lh�ritier'l burial, U good u that of the 2 ,IJfdtl tiu _P', il recorded m Ihe 1U,ulro ties /UIeJ til sipwlllf' tie I,. p,. nXsJ# &Y/JI, " IIDI•• DdtrU ti, VlrsdiUes, fol. 811 l itary (Arch. S. -CI'O. , sequence E). Of the 3, LMritier by myself ra:cived complete mi honoun. • Arch. Scine-ct·Oise, seri 6 seventy seven surged outdoors the chateau. looking ahead to an answer. To the nationwide Guard-to the tradesmen, small masters, and journeymen at least, who had misplaced a day's paintings to accompany Lafayette to Versailles-there may possibly in simple terms be one resolution: the king has to be made again to Paris, even if their commander-in­ leader used to be keen or no longer.

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