The Enemy I Knew: German Jews in the Allied Military in World War II

By Steven Karras

Even Elie Wiesel, the Nobel Prize profitable survivor of Auschwitz and Buchenwald, struggles with the question:  Why didn’t the Jews struggle back?  and eventually, in view of the circumstances--even now, who could think what used to be happening?--he concludes that the query is “not why all of the Jews didn't struggle, yet how do lots of them DID.  Tormented, overwhelmed, starved, the place did they locate the strength--spiritual and physical--to resist?”  actually, over

10,000 German Jews—34 percentage of the refugee inhabitants among the a while of eighteen and forty—fought within the allied armies of global battle II. 

This e-book honors these European-born Jewish wrestle veterans of worldwide conflict II--refugees from the Nazi regime in Germany and Austria who confronted their persecutors by means of becoming a member of the Allied Forces in a struggle opposed to the rustic in their birth.  those twenty-seven interviews take readers into the original and harrowing adventure of German and Austrian Jews who served as Allied squaddies in North Africa and Europe--brave males and one lady whose provider restored a feeling of dignity and allowed them to upward thrust above their former victimization by the hands of Nazi oppressors.  All burned with anger on the Germans who had subjected them, frequently as teenagers, to cruelty in way of life of their hometowns, and to ridicule within the nationwide media.  As squaddies who knew the language and psychology of the enemy larger than any in their comrades, they struck again with new-found satisfaction opposed to the rampant injustice that had annihilated their households, destroyed their customers, and subjected a lot of them to the worst kinds of actual abuse, either random and terrifying. In The Enemy I Knew they inform their tales, and the area is richer for his or her heroic acts, and for his or her testimony.

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We dropped atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, and that ended the struggle over there ahead of any of my pupil officials needed to make that circulate. In January 1946, I boarded a Liberty send and our vessel started to battle through an Atlantic wintry weather hurricane. whilst I back to ny, I went throughout the discharge technique; i used to be passed a Bronze megastar for meritorious provider and so they gave me a “ruptured duck,” the embroidered eagle brand of the discharged international warfare II vet, which was once sewn onto the Eisenhower jacket i used to be donning. out of the country, I had already acquired a Bronze megastar, a Marksmanship Medal, an exceptional behavior Medal, an ETO medal, and 4 in another country stripes for the left sleeve of my jacket—one for every six-month interval of in another country carrier. And so I got here to the tip of my military career—being unceremoniously tossed out into the streets and alone now! It was once April 2, 1946. greater than 3 years had handed on account that i used to be inducted, 3 unforgettable years. After the battle, Ralph Baer pursued his curiosity in electronics, graduating from the yankee tv Institute of expertise in Chicago in 1949 with a bachelor of technological know-how measure in tv engineering. He went directly to pioneer the improvement of console games and different digital peripherals and video games comparable to the hand held online game Simon. In 2006, President George W. Bush offered Ralph Baer the nationwide Medal of know-how and Innovation for his “groundbreaking and pioneering construction, improvement, and commercialization of interactive games. ” bankruptcy thirteen BERNARD BAUM GIESSEN, GERMANY 66th Infantry department Bernard Baum used to be born in Giessen, Germany, and spent the 1st 8 years of his lifestyles there earlier than his mom, an American citizen via beginning, used to be in a position to organize go out visas for the kin to to migrate in 1933. He grew up at the North part of Chicago and attended Senn highschool. After graduating at seventeen, Bernard enlisted within the military and was once despatched to Lawrence, Kansas, for the military really expert education application until eventually he was once despatched to wrestle in France as an infantry substitute. he's pictured above in France, 1945. My father used to be reared in a small city, Hessen, Germany. His father was once a farm animals beater, which used to be a standard profession for Jews on the time. My father used to be the 1st collage proficient member of his family members. i used to be born in 1926 in Giessen, Germany. My family members used to be German by way of nationality and Jewish by means of faith. My father’s army carrier in global battle I left him very German. He fought for the homeland and carried shrapnel in his again for the remainder of his existence. while, he used to be conscious that Judaism made a distinction to being a full-fledged built-in German. I take into account a number of incidents of anti-Semitism in formative years, ahead of September 1933 after we left. while i used to be on my scooter in a park around the road from our place of dwelling, I were given a bit swastika flag, which I tied to my scooter. one of many older ladies got here as much as me and stated, “You can’t fly that flag! What are you loopy? ” i feel she most likely was once Jewish.

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