The Science of Leonardo: Inside the Mind of the Great Genius of the Renaissance

By Fritjof Capra

Leonardo da Vinci’s pioneering clinical paintings was once almost unknown in the course of his lifetime. Now acclaimed scientist and bestselling writer Fritjof Capra finds that Leonardo used to be in lots of methods the unacknowledged “father of contemporary science.” Drawing on an exam of over 6,000 pages of Leonardo’s surviving notebooks, Capra explains that Leonardo approached medical wisdom with the eyes of an artist. via his reports of dwelling and nonliving types, from structure and human anatomy to the turbulence of water and the expansion styles of grasses, he pioneered the empirical, systematic method of the statement of nature—what is referred to now because the clinical procedure.

Leonardo's medical explorations have been terribly wide-ranging. He studied the flight styles of birds to create many of the first human flying machines. utilizing his realizing of weights and levers and trajectories and forces, he designed army guns and defenses, and was once in reality considered as one of many prime army engineers of his period. He studied optics, the character of sunshine, and the workings of the human center and circulatory approach. due to his substantial wisdom of hydraulics, he was once employed to create designs for rebuilding the infrastructure of Milan and the apparent of Lombardy, applying the very rules nonetheless utilized by urban planners at the present time. He used to be a mechanical genius, and but his worldview was once no longer mechanistic yet natural and ecological. it's because, in Capra's view, Leonardo's science—centuries prior to his time in a number of fields—is eminently proper to our time.

Enhanced with fifty attractive sepia-toned illustrations, The technological know-how of Leonardo is a clean and demanding portrait of a vast determine on the earth of technology and the arts.

Show description

Preview of The Science of Leonardo: Inside the Mind of the Great Genius of the Renaissance PDF

Best Science books

The German Genius: Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century

The German Genius is a virtuoso cultural heritage of German rules and impact, from 1750 to the current day, via acclaimed historian Peter Watson (Making of the fashionable brain, Ideas). From Bach, Goethe, and Schopenhauer to Nietzsche, Freud, and Einstein, from the humanities and arts to technology and philosophy, The German Genius is a full of life and available assessment of over 250 years of German highbrow background.

Principles of Cloning, Second Edition

  rules of Cloning, moment variation is the totally revised version of the authoritative e-book at the technological know-how of cloning. The booklet offers the elemental organic mechanisms of the way cloning works and progresses to debate present and capability purposes in easy biology, agriculture, biotechnology, and medication.

Plant Factory: An Indoor Vertical Farming System for Efficient Quality Food Production

Plant manufacturing facility: An Indoor Vertical Farming procedure for effective caliber nutrition construction presents details on a box that's aiding to offset the threats that strange climate and shortages of land and common assets carry to the meals offer. As substitute thoughts are had to be certain sufficient and effective construction of foodstuff, this ebook represents the one to be had source to take a realistic method of the making plans, layout, and implementation of plant manufacturing facility (PF) practices to yield nutrients vegetation.

The Fatal Strain: On the Trail of Avian Flu and the Coming Pandemic

A riveting account of why technological know-how on my own can’t cease the subsequent pandemic

Outbreaks of avian and swine flu have reawakened fears that had lain dormant for almost a century, ever because the influenza pandemic of 1918 that killed at the very least 50 million humans around the world. whilst a hugely deadly pressure of avian flu broke out in Asia lately and raced westward, the Washington Post’s Alan Sipress chased the rising risk because it infiltrated distant jungle villages, mountain redoubts, and teeming towns. He tracked the virus throughout 9 international locations, staring at its secrets and techniques many times elude the world’s brightest scientists and so much intrepid ailment hunters. Savage and mercurial, this novel influenza strain—H5N1—has been known as the kissing cousin of the Spanish flu and, with quite a few genetic tweaks, may perhaps kill thousands of individuals. None folks is immune.

The deadly pressure is a fast-moving account that weaves cultural, political, and medical strands right into a story of inevitable epidemic. In his vibrant portrayal of the fight among guy and microbe, Sipress chronicles the accelerating variety of close to misses and explores the tough dynamic that has usually made Asia the fountainhead of killer flu lines. much more than smooth medication, it's fowl smugglers, battling cock breeders, and witch medical professionals who may perhaps be certain the evolution of this viral threat via permitting it to reproduce and rushing it on its way.

The ease of foreign go back and forth and the fragile stability of today’s international economic climate have left the area susceptible to pandemic in a fashion the sufferers of 1918 may possibly by no means think. however it is human failings which could pose the best peril. Political bosses in nation after nation have lined up outbreaks. old customs, like buying and selling in stay bird and the ritual liberate of birds to earn spiritual advantage, have did not adapt to the microbial possibility. The world’s filthy rich nations have left poorer, frontline international locations with no reasonable vaccines or different guns for confronting the sickness, fostering a feeling of criticism that endangers us all.

The chilling fact is that we don’t have command over the H5N1 virus. It maintains to unfold, thwarting efforts to uproot it. And because it does, the viral cube proceed to roll, threatening to supply a scourge pressure that's either lethal and will unfold as simply because the universal chilly. Swine flu has reminded us that flu epidemics ensue. Sipress reminds us whatever a ways worse can be brewing.

Extra info for The Science of Leonardo: Inside the Mind of the Great Genius of the Renaissance

Show sample text content

The 1st point is the “vegetative soul,” which controls, as we might say this day, the mechanical and chemical adjustments of the body’s metabolism. The soul of vegetation is particular to this metabolic point of a necessary strength. the following greater shape is the “animal soul,” characterised through self sustaining movement in house and through sensation, that's, emotions of delight and ache. The “human soul,” eventually, contains the vegetable and animal souls, yet its major attribute is cause. when it comes to physics and astronomy, Aristotle followed the Pythagorean antithesis among the terrestrial and the heavenly worlds. From the Earth to the field of the Moon, he taught, all issues always swap, producing new types after which decaying back; above the Moon, the crystalline spheres of the planets and stars revolve in everlasting, unchanging motions. He subscribed to the Platonic concept that the perfection of the celestial realm means that the planets and stars circulation in excellent circles. Aristotle additionally authorized Plato’s view that divine souls live within the heavenly our bodies, and they impression lifestyles in the world. this concept lies on the root of medieval astrology, which used to be nonetheless highly regarded in the course of the Renaissance. Leonardo, even though, emphatically rejected it. 18 Following Empedocles, Aristotle maintained that each one types on the planet come up from a variety of mixtures of the 4 elements—earth, water, air, and fire—and he observed the ever-changing combos of parts because the resource of the imperfection and unintentional nature of fabric kinds. The 4 components didn't regularly stay of their assigned geographical regions, he acknowledged, yet have been consistently disturbed and being driven into neighboring spheres, whereupon they'd obviously attempt to go back to their right locations. With this argument, Aristotle attempted to give an explanation for why rain falls downward throughout the air, whereas air drifts upward in water, and the flames of fireplace get up into the air. He strongly adversarial the try out by means of Democritus to lessen the characteristics of subject to quantitative kinfolk among atoms. It was once as a result of Aristotle’s nice authority that the atomism of Democritus used to be eclipsed by way of teleological reasons of actual phenomena all through antiquity and the center a long time. For Aristotle, all actions that happened spontaneously have been ordinary, guided by way of the objectives inherent in actual phenomena, and for that reason statement was once the correct technique of investigating them. Experiments that altered typical stipulations on the way to carry to mild a few hidden homes of subject have been unnatural. As such, they can no longer be anticipated to bare the essence of the phenomena. Experiments, Aristotle taught, have been consequently now not right technique of research, and certainly the experimental process was once now not necessary to Greek technology. Aristotle’s treatises have been the basis of philosophical and medical idea within the Renaissance. however the humanist students additionally learn Plato and diverse texts from the sooner traditions of Greek average philosophy in addition to the newer treatises via Arab scientists.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.78 of 5 – based on 29 votes