The White Planet: The Evolution and Future of Our Frozen World

By Jean Jouzel

From the Arctic Ocean and ice sheets of Greenland, to the glaciers of the Andes and Himalayas, to the good frozen wilderness of Antarctica, The White Planet takes readers on a spellbinding clinical trip throughout the shrinking global of ice and snow to inform the tale of the expeditions and discoveries that experience reworked our figuring out of worldwide weather. Written via 3 the world over well known scientists on the middle of many breakthroughs in ice middle and weather technological know-how, this booklet presents an unheard of firsthand account of ways the "white planet" impacts international climate--and how, in flip, international warming is altering the frozen international.

Jean Jouzel, Claude Lorius, and Dominique Raynaud chronicle the daunting clinical, technical, and human hurdles that they and different scientists have needed to triumph over in an effort to resolve the mysteries of earlier and current weather swap, as printed through the cryosphere--the dynamic frozen areas of our planet. Scientifically impeccable, up to date, and obtainable, The White Planet brings state of the art weather study to normal readers via a vibrant narrative. this is often a necessary ebook for a person who desires to comprehend the inextricable hyperlink among weather and our planet's icy regions.

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The glaciers of the Andes are evolving equally to these of East Africa: the cumulative losses over the new interval were up to one meter consistent with 12 months. a few small glaciers, just like the Chacaltaya Glacier in Bolivia, have lately disappeared. the bigger ones face up to greater, yet for a way lengthy? The Arctic Ocean in the course of the Explorers starting within the 16th century ecu rulers and retailers have been trying to find one other path to China via going north. by means of boat and on land, passages have been came across, however the northwest routes, going round the US, and the northeast ones, going alongside the coast of Siberia, weren't effortless to discover in the course of the ice. In his quest for a brand new course the explorer John Franklin set out from England in 1845 with 129 males and ships, the Erebus and the fear. no longer one individual lower back alive. Their is still have been stumbled on nearly fifteen years later, skeletons of guys jogging looking for their salvation. It used to be the Norwegian Roald Amundsen, one of many nice legends in Arctic exploration, who opened the way in which in 1905 after an excursion that lasted 3 years. After spending winters within the Arctic, he used to be capable of find the skin magnetic pole and to review the Inuit lifestyle. the positioning of such a lot of sacrifices, the Northwest Passage may stay unused for a very long time. The Finn Nils Nordenskjold opened the northeast direction from Sweden to Japan in 1878–79, combining clinical agendas and fiscal motivations. however the use of the passages he chanced on, which relies on the variable presence of ice, is hard even this day regardless of the shrinking sea ice. Let’s glance back on the 19th century and the 1st explorations of the ocean ice, which extends into the seas of the Arctic areas and, a minimum of within the iciness, occupies a wide a part of them. In 1879 the hot York usher in desired to supply its readers a file at the mysteries of the North Pole: was once it a sea or land? to reply to that the newspaper despatched the Jeannette to the north of the Bering Strait. It used to be beaten by means of the ice in June 1881 at seventy seven° 15´ N. 3 years later, Eskimos came across fragments of the break at the southwest coast of Greenland. Carried through the ocean ice, the particles had hence floated greater than 5,000 kilometers over the whole Arctic Ocean, at a standard pace of 5 kilometers in step with day. That trip encouraged a tender scientist. On June 24, 1893, the Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen trigger from the port of Bergen. He had had a ship outfitted, the Fram (“Forward”), and he deliberate to discover the polar basin—not through navigating yet via permitting the vessel to freeze into the ice after which floating with it to the North Pole. on the finish of September he reached the sting of the pack ice at seventy seven° 14´ N, past the mouth of the Lena. He suggestion he could get with regards to the pole, however the Fram drifted first towards the southeast, clear of its goal. In December the path of the drifting was once reversed: the send ended up on the similar range as months prior. The crossing of the Arctic Ocean then all started.

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