Theopompus the Historian

By Gordon S. Shrimpton

This severe learn analyzes direct facts about the lifestyles and misplaced works of Theopompus of Chios, the 4th-century BC historian and orator. In a translation of surviving citations of Theopompus' paintings and of the references made to Theopompus' paintings by means of different writers, the textual content makes on hand all that continues to be of Theopompus' writings. Theopompus was once essentially identified in antiquity for his ancient works, which incorporated "Hellenica", a 12-volume background of Greece, and the 58-volume "Philippica", which concentrated ordinarily at the occupation of Philip II of Macedon. All of Theopompus' works have been misplaced through past due antiquity other than fifty three volumes of the "Philippica", which survived into Byzantine occasions purely to vanish by way of the tenth century. targeting the "Hellenica" and the "Philippica", the writer of this article reviews the fragments to bare what might be gleaned in regards to the scope and content material of Theopompus' significant works. He bargains systematically with the issues of interpretation and makes transparent the methodological heritage of his reconstructions and reviews, furnishing the foundation for extra methodological debate. Theopompus' ethical and political beliefs are mentioned, as are his remedy of 2 of an important figures of the center of the 4th century BC, Philip and Demosthenes. additionally, there's an index of the correct names present in the fragments.

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Contents is much more sketchy than ordinary, however the appropriate timeframe is c. 346—344. at present Hermeas was once on the peak of his energy and impression, and he was once in conversation with Philip, if now not allied to him. it might be a suitable time to introduce him to the narrative. even though, it sort of feels greater to stick with nearly all of editors who locate forty six a better quantity to fill the distance within the papyrus, a ebook which files the occasions of the yr 341, the 12 months of Hermeas' demise by the hands of the nice King (D. S. sixteen. fifty two, who places the occasions too early). probably, as a result, F291 is an obituary and following the phrases tested firstly of bankruptcy 2, it's a assertion remoted from its surrounding narrative. even though, the fragment can also be a story in its personal correct. It is going from start (by one interpreting) to loss of life and characterizes Hermeas' existence and reign in a number of deft strains. As an obituary it may be anticipated to show a excessive measure of rhetorical focus, yet as narrative it might be finds in focus a few of the general positive factors of extra basic Theopompan discourse. I translate its doubtful, lacunose textual content principally as restored by means of the Teubner44 editors from the unfortunately tattered papyrus. One trade recovery is proven in parentheses. I make no try to differentiate restored from surviving textual content. the coed is recommended to check Jacoby's published textual content with that of the hot Teubner version or to refer to Harding's translation45 for the precise information (4. 63): Hermeas set out in this course a eunuch and a Bithynian via race (or: disfigured in visual appeal) [short hole] thirdly [gap], with Eubulus he took Assos and its tower and Atarneus and its environs. Of everyone this guy entire the 126 Theopompus the Historian such a lot violent and depraved issues opposed to all, either his voters and others, taking away a few by way of poisoning and others by way of the noose. whilst the Chians and Mitylenaeans placed him in control of a few land over which they have been disputing, he performed many drunken methods with unpaid army expeditions and grievously insulted many of the lonians. A money-grubber and moneychanger, he didn't carry his peace whilst the Chians fell into misfortune [large hole] to revive their confirmed constitutions. even though, he didn't altogether break out nor get off together with his impious and disgusting manners, yet he was once arrested and despatched to the King the place he was once largely tortured and ended his existence in crucifixion. bankruptcy 4 Theopompus' ethical and political beliefs This bankruptcy turns from the content material of the Philippica to its interpretation. The department among the 2 is handy yet no longer as sharp because it might sound. the choice a historian makes to incorporate or exclude fabric is itself an interpretative act of varieties, and whilst it can be crucial to "reconstruct" approximately a hundred according to cent of the historian's content material, the reconstruction itself is an act (if now not a criminal offense) of interpretation. still, it infrequently turns out to suffice to grasp what an writer says. another way, library holdings on Shakespeare will be limited to collections of his works and editorial routines within which students concentrated solely on constructing the best textual content of a poem or play.

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