Robert O. Paxton's vintage learn of the aftermath of France's unexpected cave in lower than Nazi invasion makes use of captured German records and different modern fabrics to build a robust and aggravating account of the Vichy interval in France. With a brand new advent and up-to-date bibliography, Vichy France demonstrates that the collaborationist govt of Marshal Pétain did excess of in simple terms react to German pressures. The Vichy leaders actively pursued their very own double agenda―internally, the authoritarian and racist "national revolution," and, externally, an try to convince Hitler to simply accept this new France as a companion in his new Europe.
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Additional info for Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940-1944
DFCAA, IV, 564, stories the supply of the word verbale with none textual content, which the French editors have been it seems that not able to find. A broken German photocopy of the textual content is filmed in T-120/F10/462–78, and the textual content as stressed out to Abetz (then in Berlin) is contained in Achenbach (Paris) 2101 to Abetz, 15 July 1941 (T-120/386/211214–28). it's also released in DGFP, sequence D, XIII 142–49, besides a footnote connection with extra records present in Abetz’ papers: a draft revision of the Armistice phrases, a draft Franco-German treaty, and a draft French assertion of adherence to the Tripartite (Anti-Comintern) Pact. i haven't noticeable those extra files. 154 OKH. Abt. Fremde Heere West, 5296/41, sixteen July 1941 (T-120/855/285093); Mémorandum d’Abetz, 107–10; Abetz (Paris) 2274 to Ribbentrop, 31 July 1941 (T-120/386/211278–80); Ribbentrop be aware to Hitler, sixteen July 1941, forwarding the notice verbale (T-120/F10/460–61). one hundred fifty five Abetz (Paris) 2274, 31 July 1941 (T-120/386/211278); OKW Abt. Ausland 106/41, 26 July 1941 (T-77/OKW-999/5,632,895); Mémorandum d’Abetz, one hundred ten, 116; Ribbentrop (Berlin) 830 to Abetz, thirteen August 1941 (T-120/386/211336); Woermann draft, T-120/587/243648–9. 156 particularly, introduced aid of career bills on could 6. Le Temps, nine could 1941, four. Months of haggling undefined. 157 For military hostility to Darlan, normal Emile Laure, “Des Fronts de 1939–40 à l. a. Haute Cour de 1948 (Notes militaires et politiques),” 10 August 1941. 158 Le Temps, nine may well 1941, four; T-120/386/211317–18; T-120/1217/33009. 159 T-120/386/211346, 211426; T-120/405/213935–36, 214059–61 for the Pétain-Hitler letters of October 1941. the 1st assassination of a German serviceman in France had happened in Paris on 21 August 1941. one hundred sixty for varied conferences with Pétain and Darlan on Nov. 16–17, T-120/405/214056–65. either normal Vogl and Welck commented on Pétain’s freshness and energy. 161 DFCAA, V, 387–401, file of Colonel Vignol on French efforts to reopen talks, July–Dec. 1941. For German reluctance for political talks, T-120/405/214186–88. 162 T-120/405/213982–85, 214071–72, 214082–83. 163 For the French retraction, T-120/405/214111–12, 214118. Dönitz’ reproduction is T-120/852/284443–503. Ribbentrop’s order can be came across at T-120/852/284537–38. a lot for the a bit of exaggerated tale that keeps to flow, e. g. , Georges Blond, Pétain (Paris, 1966), of Pétain’s getting the simplest of Goering. 164 this can be solely deceptive in Juin’s memoirs, which vague the relation of his Berlin undertaking to half II of the protocols. German mins of the stopover at are stumbled on at T-77/OKW-2012/5, 595, 950 ff. See additionally T-120/F9/264–66. a hundred sixty five Lucien Romier instructed Roland Krug von Nidda on December 19 that France, fearing the lack of her colonies, needs to pursue an angle of “watchful ready” towards conflict with the us. Schleier (Paris) 4049 to Abetz (Berlin), 19 December 1941 (T-120/405/214177–78). Darlan’s angle, as defined to Schleier on 29 January 1942, used to be that Germany may achieve not anything by means of a French statement of struggle at the Anglo-Saxons.