Virtues and Vices in Positive Psychology

By Kristján Kristjánsson

Optimistic psychology is among the largest development industries within the self-discipline of psychology. this day, the subfield of 'positive schooling' turns out poised to take the area of schooling and instructor education through hurricane. during this first book-length philosophical learn of confident psychology, Professor Kristján Kristjánsson matters confident psychology's contemporary inroads into advantage idea and advantage schooling to sustained conceptual and ethical scrutiny. Professor Kristjánsson's interdisciplinary standpoint constructively integrates insights, facts, and issues from social technology and philosophy in a fashion that's simply obtainable to the overall reader. He deals a longer critique of confident psychology regularly and 'positive schooling' specifically, exploring the philosophical assumptions, underpinnings, and implications of those educational traits intimately. This provocative booklet will excite a person attracted to state-of-the-art examine on confident psychology and the on virtues that lie on the intersection of psychology, philosophy of brain, ethical philosophy, schooling, and lifestyle.

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Therefore, regardless of their preliminary relativistic trends, optimistic psychologists chanced on overwhelming theoretical and empirical proof opposed to ethical relativism about the virtues. humans continually and all over the place have sought to domesticate those virtues; with no these virtues human societies may scarcely continue to exist, and, for many humans, these virtues are noticeable as conducive to and constitutive of happiness. in addition, in case you resent the uppercase abstractions of happiness speak, extra earthbound facts for the price of the ethical strengths beckons. one of many strengths – self-regulation – is two times pretty much as good a predictor of highschool grades as IQ (Duckworth & Seligman, 2005). mostly, the virtues and energy are all approximately sturdy personality; and solid personality is strictly ‘what mom and dad search for of their youngsters, what academics search for of their scholars, what siblings search for of their brothers and sisters, and what associates search for in one another’ (Park & Peterson, 2009, p. 65). I shall say extra in bankruptcy nine approximately measurements of virtues/strengths (which have, regrettably, relied totally on self-reports) and approximately sensible functions of confident psychology’s virtues-and-strengths thought. sooner than that, quite a few philosophical concerns wait for scrutiny. It needs to be acknowledged that the wide-ranging aspirations of Peterson and Seligman’s (2004) treatise at the virtues make particular arguments and embellishments usually cross via fast, with out enough recognition to element. as a minimum, this paintings was once constantly obvious as an important one to start, yet no longer adequate to finish, the optimistic mental learn of the virtues. In my estimation, it's been gradual to obtain the shut recognition it merits in philosophical circles. What does this concept say approximately prior constructs of 64 Virtues and Vices in confident Psychology character and personality in psychology? approximately typical philosophical debates on realism as opposed to anti-realism, motivational internalism as opposed to externalism, and ethical situationism as opposed to dispositionism? And concerning the function of functional knowledge within the sturdy existence? the subsequent chapters provide a chance to mirror upon these questions and to respond to a few of them. 2. five. an individualist bias in confident psychology? i need to finish this bankruptcy with a short detour, by means of pointing out criticisms optimistic psychologists have garnered from colleagues at the educational and political left. a few of these teachers accuse them of hustling a disguised ideology of conservative political individualism. The accusation is, then, that optimistic psychology is all approximately self-fulfilment through own happiness and private virtues; and even though it does point out social elements (‘positive institutions’), these are successfully relegated to an aspect factor. It neglects the results of gender, classification, ethnicity and tool family members. confident self-help is through the self and for the self – no longer via, via, or for different selves. the concept that a trifling inward gaze and self-work suffices to safe happiness within the absence of social transformation ‘is not just brief sighted yet morally repugnant’ (Becker & Marecek, 2008b, p.

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